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Desert Modernism Style

Twin Palms home exterior

Since the 1920s, visionary modernist architects have designed sleek, modern homes that have embraced the desert environment. The dramatic geographic surroundings of the Coachella Valley inspired a design aesthetic in the middle of the 20th Century, now called Desert Modernism.

palm springs midcentury architecture home
By architect William Cody

A New Form of American Architecture

Notable for its use of glass, clean lines, natural and manufactured resources, and connection of indoor and outdoor spaces, Desert Modernism evokes a lifestyle of simple elegance and informality. Influenced by the dictates of desert living and the year-round warmth of Palm Springs, the style grew out of the architect’s and designer’s adaptive use of inventive materials, modern construction techniques, and new (post-war) technologies. 

It served an enthusiastic and willing clientele. Talented architects were drawn to the desert by chance and opportunity. The village adopted an informal and relaxed feel, and its architecture started to follow. Form followed function in Desert Modernism: shaded breezeways, flat roofs, muted exterior colors, and large expanses of outdoor spaces characterized structures.

Alexander Company Tract Home, 1958, Charles DuBois Architect
Alexander Company Tract Home, 1958, Charles DuBois Architect

The exteriors of Desert Modern homes, first and foremost, reflect the beauty of the surrounding landscape—this is done through large windows that let the outside in. Low, sleek lines make buildings blend in with the scenery, and open interiors keep that airy desert feeling. Desert Modernism uses natural building materials like wood and stone to blur the line between man-made and nature-made. True to its midcentury modern roots, less is more.

Because Palm Springs was a seasonal resort, people were more willing to experiment with daring designs. They were not living in these homes year-round, so they were more willing to try new ideas.

Classic Custom Home, 1960, Clair Earl Architect
Classic Custom Home, 1960, Clair Earl Architect

Distinct Hallmarks

Many of the Desert Modernism buildings have these four things in common;

Simple lines and cantilevered rooflines provide ample shade

Clerestory windows extend to the ceiling to maximize exposure to the sun and sky without sacrificing privacy

Brise-soleil  or decorative screens deflect sunlight and reduce heat gain while also shielding interiors for privacy

Patterned brick shadow-block walls

palm springs city hall

The Architects and Designers of Desert Modernism

Palm Springs Desert Modernism brought together architects, developers, and interior designers to create an effortless, simple style. These midcentury designers helped put the Desert Modern style on the map and left Palm Springs all the more beautiful for it.

Kaufman House by famous architect Richard Neutra palm springs
Kaufman House by famous architect Richard Neutra

Architect William Krisel designed over 2,500 homes in Palm Springs throughout his career. This home was part of a series of 90 tract homes called “Twin Palms Estates.” Its white exterior with breeze block accents gives it an optimistic look.

Architect William Krisel palm springs
Architect William Krisel at one of his Twin Palm homes.

Frey House II, built in 1964, was designed by Albert Frey. Frey is considered one of the founders of the Desert Modern style. When it was first constructed, it had the highest elevation of any building in Palm Springs and was constructed to have as little of an impact on the surrounding environment as possible. Frey lived in this home until his death in 1998 at the age of 95. It is now owned and managed by the Palm Springs Art Museum.

frey house II palm Springs
Frey House II

Steel House No. 6, built in 1962 by Donald Wexler, is only one in a series of seven steel houses built in Palm Springs. Its folded plate roof was meticulously constructed and mimics the mountain range in the background.

Donald Wexler steel house palm springs
Wexler Steel House

The neutral, earthy tones of the Frank Sinatra Twin Palms estate reflect the surrounding landscape. The home, designed by E. Stewart Williams in 1947, set the standard for celebrity Palm Springs residences to come.

Frank Sinatra Twin Palms estate palm springs

Experience Desert Modernism 

The annual Modernism Week, held every February, offers special architecture tours, events, and programs. The fall Modernism Week Preview is held every October. 

Stay in a retro retreat. Many Palm Springs small hotels, Inns, and vacation home rentals are midcentury classics.

monkey tree hotel palm springs

Guided tours, like Mod Squad, are available year-round. Learn about the masters of mid-century modern architecture by taking a van tour of the desert’s most notable architecture. If you can’t make it to Modernism Week, they offer a seasonal tour called Architectural Tours by Modernism Week.

mod squad architecture tour palm springs

Take home a unique piece of desert modernism from the many boutique shops along Palm Canyon Drive. There is also a  Vintage Market at Camelot Theater on the first Sunday of the month. 

Vintage Market palm springs

Visit the Palm Springs Official Visitor Center once the Tramway Gas Station was designed by Albert Frey and Robson Chambers. 

palm springs visitor center

The fact that these structures have survived makes Palm Springs unique and even more significant in the history of modern architecture.

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